John D. Chovan, James R. Cacchillo
Thyroid Disease, Hypothyroidism, Autoimmune Disease
Endocrine System Diseases | Medical Pathology | Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Thyroid disease is a general term utilized to describe a variety of conditions affecting the thyroid gland, including hypothyroidism, the deficient production of thyroid hormone; hyperthyroidism, the excess production of thyroid hormone; and goiter, the physiologic swelling of the thyroid gland (Cihakova, 2001; Warren, 2014). Primary hypothyroidism is the most prevalent thyroid disease in the United States, most frequently occurring as a result of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, specifically Hashimoto’s Disease (Warren, 2014). Hashimoto’s disease (HD), also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and human autoimmune thyroiditis, was named after Hakaru Hashimoto, a Japanese medical scientist who first described the condition in 1912 (Cihakova, 2001). HD is a chronic autoimmune condition characterized by the presence of lymphocytic infiltration, serum autoantibodies, and destruction of thyroid tissue; as a result, hypothyroidism often ensues (Liu et al., 2014; Warren, 2014).
Hannan, Jessica, "Autoimmune Thyroiditis: A Look into Hashimoto’s Disease" (2015). Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship. 94.