Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 8-5-2022

Document Type


Course Number


Course Name

Advance Pathophysiology

Professor’s Name

Dr Deana Batross and Dr Shivani Bhatnagar


Hashimoto Thyroiditis, Prevalence, Signs and Symptoms, Pathophysiology, Nursing Implication, Treatment

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a type of autoimmune disease marked by thyroid-specific autoantibodies, which cause immune cells and antibodies to attack and kill thyroid cells. As a result, the body's mechanisms slow down, resulting in fatigue, coldness, weight gain, dry skin, and hair loss, among other symptoms. Although the exact cause of HT is unknown, it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetics, environment, physical activity, immunology, dietary intake, and epigenesis. High serum antibody concentrations against one or more thyroid antigens, as well as widespread lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid, are clinical manifestations. Typically, HT is treated with a combination of therapies, but in more severe or resistant cases, hormone therapy, such as thyroid, glucocorticoids, and/or testosterone, may be required. HT is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in developed countries like the United States of America, but a poor diet deficient in iodine is the leading cause worldwide. The most common autoimmune thyroid condition is Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), which affects women and the middle-aged population as compared to other populations.

Licensing Permission

Copyright, all rights reserved. Fair Use

Included in

Nursing Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.