Dr Deana Batross and Dr Shivani Bhatnagar
Hashimoto Thyroiditis, Prevalence, Signs and Symptoms, Pathophysiology, Nursing Implication, Treatment
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a type of autoimmune disease marked by thyroid-specific autoantibodies, which cause immune cells and antibodies to attack and kill thyroid cells. As a result, the body's mechanisms slow down, resulting in fatigue, coldness, weight gain, dry skin, and hair loss, among other symptoms. Although the exact cause of HT is unknown, it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetics, environment, physical activity, immunology, dietary intake, and epigenesis. High serum antibody concentrations against one or more thyroid antigens, as well as widespread lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid, are clinical manifestations. Typically, HT is treated with a combination of therapies, but in more severe or resistant cases, hormone therapy, such as thyroid, glucocorticoids, and/or testosterone, may be required. HT is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in developed countries like the United States of America, but a poor diet deficient in iodine is the leading cause worldwide. The most common autoimmune thyroid condition is Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), which affects women and the middle-aged population as compared to other populations.
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Bhattarai, Ojaswi, "Hashimoto Thyroiditis" (2022). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 523.