Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 8-5-2022

Document Type


Course Number


Course Name

Advance Pathophysiology

Professor’s Name

Dr. Deana Batross and Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar


T2DM, Causes, Diabetes, Pathophysiology, Risk, Nursing Implications, Insulin

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder that affects millions of people. The trend continues to be upward. Youth and children are not exempt from this. It is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. Causes are impaired insulin secretion, resistance to the peripheral action of insulin, or both. There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational. Type 2 DM accounts for around 90% of all cases of DM. In type 2 DM, the body's response to insulin diminishes causing insulin resistance. It is commonly seen in people older than 45 years old but increasingly seen in children, and young adults due to changes in lifestyle, obesity, physical inactivity, and an energy-dense diet. The main symptoms of T2DM are described as three polys – polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia. It can be prevented and managed with the proper implementation of behavioral and lifestyle changes. A deeper understanding of T2DM must be developed through research on multiple aspects of the disease.

Licensing Permission

Copyright, all rights reserved. Fair Use

Included in

Nursing Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.