Dr. Deana Batross and Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar
T2DM, Causes, Diabetes, Pathophysiology, Risk, Nursing Implications, Insulin
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder that affects millions of people. The trend continues to be upward. Youth and children are not exempt from this. It is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. Causes are impaired insulin secretion, resistance to the peripheral action of insulin, or both. There are three types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational. Type 2 DM accounts for around 90% of all cases of DM. In type 2 DM, the body's response to insulin diminishes causing insulin resistance. It is commonly seen in people older than 45 years old but increasingly seen in children, and young adults due to changes in lifestyle, obesity, physical inactivity, and an energy-dense diet. The main symptoms of T2DM are described as three polys – polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia. It can be prevented and managed with the proper implementation of behavioral and lifestyle changes. A deeper understanding of T2DM must be developed through research on multiple aspects of the disease.
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Adhikari, Jyoti, "Diabetes Mellitus Type 2" (2022). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 521.