Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 2022

Document Type


Course Number

NURS 6810

Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology of the Advanced Practice Nurse

Professor’s Name

Dr. Deana Batross & Dr. John Chovan


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Pathophysiology, Lungs, Nursing Interventions

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results in three million deaths a year globally; COPD is becoming the third leading cause of death worldwide (Shin et al., 2017). The prevalence of COPD has a significant impact on the delivery of anesthesia in surgery.

Purpose: This poster analyzes risk factors associated with COPD and the complications associated with the disease. The implications and nursing considerations are outlined to direct goals of care and ventilator management during surgery.

Methodology: The data was collected from various control trials and meta-analysis studies. Information was also derived from pathophysiology and anesthesia resources.

Results: Patients with COPD were found to be higher risk for the development of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) (Bustamante et al., 2017). COPD also caused patients to have extended extubation times compared to patients without COPD.

Conclusions: The risk of PPCs can be minimized with appropriate nursing interventions including small tidal volumes, prolonged expiratory phases, and fluid restriction during surgery.

Licensing Permission

Copyright, all rights reserved. Fair Use

Included in

Nursing Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.