Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse
Batross, Deana, Bhatnagar, Shivani
Depression, Mental Health, Psychiatric Nursing, Mental Awareness, Stigma, Mental Health Disorder
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Depression is a common illness worldwide, with an estimated 3.8% of he population affected, including 5.0% among adults and 5.7% among adults older than 60 years (Schomerus et at., 019). Approximately 280 million people in the world have depression (Schomerus et at., 2019). Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations nd short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. Especially hen recurrent and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become serious health condition. It can cause he affected person to suffer greatly and unction poorly at work, at school and in he family. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide. Over 700 000 people die due to suicide every year (Schomerus et t., 2019). Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds (Schomerus et at., 2019). Although there are known, effective treatments for mental disorders, more han 75% of people in low- and middle income countries receive no treatment Celentano & Szklo, 2019). Barriers to effective care include a lack of resources, ack of trained health-care providers and social stigma associated with mental disorders. In countries of all income levels, people who experience depression re often not correctly diagnosed, and others who do not have the disorder are too often misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants. depression among adults in the United States tripled in the early 2020 months of he global coronavirus pandemic— umping from 8.5 percent before the pandemic to a staggering 27.8 percent (Schomerus et at., 2019). Research studies found that the most significant predictors for if a person experienced depressive symptoms during the pandemic were low household income, not being married, and experiencing multiple pandemic-related stressors (Schomerus et at., 2019). The findings underscore the inextricable link between the pandemic and the short- and long-term impact it will have on mental health in the US and beyond (Celentano & Szklo, 2019). The sustained high prevalence of depression does not follow the same patterns we noticed after previous traumatic events, such as Hurricane Ike and the Ebola outbreak. Typically, we would expect depression to peak following the traumatic event and then lower over time. Instead, it was found that 12 months into the pandemic, levels of depression remained high (Celentano & Szklo, 2019). These and other mental conditions are becoming amplified during the recent pandemic, while COVID-19 patients and their families are also at high risk to develop depression and anxiety (Celentano & Szklo, 2019). Overall, the stigma that accompanies this disease needs to be subdue to prevent individuals from seeking the help they need.
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Serrano, Gerardo, "Depression" (2022). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 511.