Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse
Deana Batross and Shivani Bhatnagar
Pulmonary Hypertension, Pathophysiology, Pulmonary Hypertension Classifications, Anesthesia
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Understanding the pathophysiology behind various diseases is essential for nursing, especially those in advanced practice roles such as nurse anesthetists. Pulmonary hypertension (PH), characterized by vasoconstriction, vascular remodeling, and thrombosis, has a complex physiological process and a vast compilation of patient considerations (Sarkar & Desai, 2018). PH affects up to fifty million people worldwide, with 1-year survival rates of 90.4% and 5-year survival rate of 65.4%, further solidifying the importance of understanding the disease for quick diagnosis and treatment (Bandyopadhyay et al., 2021). Diagnosis of PH is often delayed, with some patients experiencing symptoms up to two years before diagnosis (Poch & Mandel, 2021). Due to the non-specific nature of symptoms and possible morbidity and mortality resulting from right ventricular failure in those with PH, specialized care is a top priority (Bandyopadhyay et al., 2021; Mandras et al., 2020). Awareness of PH for health care professionals, especially nurse anesthetists, is imperative for preventing adverse events. This poster provides a look into the pathophysiology of PH, focusing on specifics such as signs and symptoms, pathophysiology implications, diagnostics, and treatments to educate healthcare providers. Education leading to recognition of PH is pertinent for exemplar patient care (Mandras et al., 2020).
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