Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 2022

Document Type


Course Number

NURS 6810

Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Professor’s Name

Deana Batross and Shivani Bhatnagar


Pulmonary Hypertension, Pathophysiology, Pulmonary Hypertension Classifications, Anesthesia

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing



Understanding the pathophysiology behind various diseases is essential for nursing, especially those in advanced practice roles such as nurse anesthetists. Pulmonary hypertension (PH), characterized by vasoconstriction, vascular remodeling, and thrombosis, has a complex physiological process and a vast compilation of patient considerations (Sarkar & Desai, 2018). PH affects up to fifty million people worldwide, with 1-year survival rates of 90.4% and 5-year survival rate of 65.4%, further solidifying the importance of understanding the disease for quick diagnosis and treatment (Bandyopadhyay et al., 2021). Diagnosis of PH is often delayed, with some patients experiencing symptoms up to two years before diagnosis (Poch & Mandel, 2021). Due to the non-specific nature of symptoms and possible morbidity and mortality resulting from right ventricular failure in those with PH, specialized care is a top priority (Bandyopadhyay et al., 2021; Mandras et al., 2020). Awareness of PH for health care professionals, especially nurse anesthetists, is imperative for preventing adverse events. This poster provides a look into the pathophysiology of PH, focusing on specifics such as signs and symptoms, pathophysiology implications, diagnostics, and treatments to educate healthcare providers. Education leading to recognition of PH is pertinent for exemplar patient care (Mandras et al., 2020).


Bandyopadhyay, D., Lai, C., Pulido, J. N., Restrepo-Jaramillo, R., Tonelli, A. R., & Humbert, M. (2021). Perioperative approach to precapillary pulmonary hypertension in non-cardiac non-obstetric surgery. European Respiratory Review, 30(162), 1-16.

Mandras, S. A., Mehta, H. S., & Vaidya, A. (2020). Pulmonary hypertension: A brief guide for clinicians. Concise Review for Clinicians, 95(9), 1978-1988.

Poch, D. & Mandel, J. (2021). Pulmonary hypertension. Annals of Internal Medicine, 174(4), 50-64.

Sarkar, M. S. & Desai, P. M. (2018). Pulmonary hypertension and cardiac anesthesia: Anesthesiologist’s perspective. Annals of Cardiac Anesthesia, 21(2), 116-122.

Licensing Permission

Copyright, all rights reserved. Fair Use

Included in

Nursing Commons



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