Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 7-2022

Document Type


Course Number

NURS 6810

Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Professor’s Name

Deana Batross and Shivani Bhatnagar


Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Pathophysiology, Acidosis, Hyperglycemia, Type 1 Diabetes, Pediatrics

Subject Categories

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Pediatric Patients

Jarrod Genther

Otterbein University

NURS 6810- Advanced Pathophysiology

Deana Batross, DNP & Shivani Bhatnagar, DNP

July 29, 2022

Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Pediatric Patients


Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening complication in children with type 1 diabetes. Children with type 1 diabetes cannot produce endogenous insulin and must receive exogenous insulin to allow glucose influx into cells throughout the body for energy consumption. Without insulin, the child will progress to diabetic ketoacidosis. The covid-19 pandemic introduced new obstacles for patients with a predisposition for type 1 diabetes, presenting with a more profound acidosis, greater need for supplemental oxygen, and increased vasopressor requirements. Diagnostically, DKA presents as hyperglycemia with metabolic acidosis and low serum bicarbonate levels. Treatment aims to restore intravascular volume, correct electrolyte abnormalities, improve acid-base balance, and treat insulin deficiency. In conclusion, DKA is a severe medical condition that can result in death without medical intervention. Understanding signs, symptoms, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment is crucial for healthcare workers to provide safe and effective care for these patients.


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Licensing Permission

Copyright, all rights reserved. Fair Use

Abstract_DKA_Genther.pdf (153 kB)



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