Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 8-8-2021

Document Type


Course Number

NURS 6810

Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology for the APN

Professor’s Name

Dr. Butz & Dr. Chovan


Heart Failure, Congestion, Fluid Overload, Complications, Pathophysiology, Treatment

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing



Background: Heart failure (HF) is the heart’s inability to maintain the blood flow needed by the body’s organs for perfusion. HF affects millions of adults worldwide annually and holds detrimental characteristics with its high hospitalization and mortality rates. As a result, healthcare systems spend exponentially more resources and money to take care of HF patients. An interactive poster is presented on HF to educate patients with HF, healthcare providers, and other related parties.

Methods: Research articles that focused on HF, including the following topics: pathophysiology, clinical signs and symptoms, treatment, complications, impact on healthcare, and etiology, were evaluated and used to create an informative and interactive poster. Databases including EBSCO and Pubmed were used to identify relevant research.

Conclusion: In addition to the poster, methods of treatment of HF were evaluated. It is conclusive that CHF can be prevented by the maintenance of lifestyle choices and modifications, and early recognition of symptoms/ worsening of symptoms with consecutive interventions helps minimize hospitalizations.

Keywords: heart failure, congestion, fluid overload, complications, pathophysiology, treatment

Licensing Permission

Copyright, some rights reserved. Attribution – Noncommercial – Share Alike

Included in

Nursing Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.