Pasteurization, Holder, Neonate, Human Milk, Donor Milk
Appropriate and adequate nutrition is critical to reduce the risk of mortality in the preterm infant (Parker, 2019). Mother’s own milk (MOM) is the best source of nutrition and reduces the risk of common neonatal complications, including necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), infections resulting in late-onset sepsis, and retinopathy of prematurity (Li et al., 2017). When MOM is unavailable to the neonate, the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics both recommend that human donor milk is the next best option (Peila et al., 2016). Donor milk can be obtained from a human milk bank and is considered safe for consumption following a pasteurization process to eliminate the risk of infectious microbial agents passing to the immunocompromised patient. Two methods of pasteurization of HDM are commonly utilized; thermal and nonthermal. Each method has been shown to reduce biochemical components of the milk, with the potential to adversely affect neonate growth (Pitino et al., 2019). This project explores the nutrient content of HDM and the pasteurization methods utilized by human milk banks. Thermal and nonthermal pasteurization methods of human donor milk are examined to assess the impact on nutritional components beneficial to the vulnerable neonatal population.
Brewer, Laura, "Pasteurization of Human Donor Milk" (2020). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 406.