Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse
Dr. Chovan and Dr. Butz
Obesity, Overweight, Adiposity, Adipose Tissue
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Obesity is a multifaceted and complex chronic disease ravaging the health of our nation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports reveal in 2017-2018 the prevalence of obesity in the United States was 42.4% (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2020). Not only is obesity a concern in the United States, but also globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (2016), obesity is defined as an excessive amount of adipose tissue that accumulates in one’s body and poses a significant risk to one’s health. The body mass index (BMI) (weight in kg/height in m2), is the most widely utilized formula to determine if one is underweight weight, normal weight, overweight, obese, or morbidly obese (CDC, 2020). One is considered obese if they have a BMI of 30kg/m2 to 40kg/m2 (CDC, 2020). Obesity not only impacts the health of the nation, but also places a significant financial burden on our economy. Furthermore obesity impacts people of all socioeconomic statuses, although some experience a greater prevalence. With the rates of obesity continuing to increase each year it is imperative that steps are made to focus on prevention as much as management and treatment. The author intends to educate and inform providers on the complexity of obesity and the need to make an individualized treatment plan for successful patient outcomes. Furthermore, obesity is a public health concern that requires collaborative efforts from the government, health, and community arenas to combat the obesity epidemic.
Keywords: obesity, overweight, adiposity, adipose tissue
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