Dr. Chovan, Dr. Butz
ARDS, Pathophysiology, ALI, Lung Disorder, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a progressive life-threatening disease process, having an occurrence of up to 200,000 cases annually in the United States (Schreiber, 2018). The definition of ARDS has changed throughout the years. In 2011, the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine officially proposed the now adopted Berlin ARDS definition. The components within the definition include timing, chest radiography, the origin of edema, and severity of hypoxemia (Modrykamien & Gupta, 2015). There are over 50 different conditions that result in injury to the alveolar-capillary membrane that can lead to ARDS and produce several severe complications, including death. The diagnoses of ARDS can be difficult to determine, thus subsequently ending in a 30-50% mortality rate (Schreiber, 2018).
Additionally, there are current studies investigating new ways and strategies to treat ARDS. Some possibilities being tested include gene therapy, prophylactic immunotherapy, surfactant replacement, various immunotherapy mediators, stem cell replacements, among several other therapies (McCance & Huether, 2018). It is imperative that all health care providers understand signs, nursing implications for early detection and ongoing advancements for the best treatment available. The purpose of this poster is to explain the presentation and pathophysiology behind ARDS and emphasize the nurse’s role within prevention and treatment options.
Nessle, Brittney, "Pathophysiology of ARDS" (2019). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 371.