Infectious Disease, Early Diagnosis, Immigrants, Federal Policy, Latent Phase, Treatment Compliance
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Although there are measures in place to control tuberculosis (TB) cases in the U.S., TB is prevalent and has high morbidity and mortality rate. This issue is due to the failure to identify and treat the disease as early as possible, especially in the latent stage. The late diagnosis of the disease causes a delay in treatment which may result in complications or even death. Understanding the pathophysiological process of TB will aid in the control of the disease. Also, TB cases have been recorded among foreign-born and immigrants who are visiting the U.S. but some of these immigrants are not screened as required. Therefore, it essential for the advanced practice nurse to identify such patients to aid in the early diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, nurses should be knowledgeable and be equipped to assist TB patients during treatment (Furlan, Marcon, & Silva, 2014). Early diagnosis, early treatment, appropriate screening policies, educating the community about tuberculosis are essential in controlling TB.
Obeng, Gloria, "Tuberculosis: Early Diagnosis and Treatment" (2019). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 367.