heart failure, heart failure management, heart failure pathophysiology, heart failure signs and symptoms, diastolic heart failure, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), formerly known as diastolic heart failure, is a chronic disease that affects millions of people around the world. HFpEF has no cure and can only be managed with therapeutic treatments that optimize cardiac function and quality of life (Gazewood & Turner, 2017). The condition is precipitated by several systemic, myocardial, infiltrative, and pericardial diseases that overwhelmingly ail the aging population. There is not a set of widely accepted diagnostic criteria, and as a result, the morbidity and mortality have not improved in recent years (Tawil & Gelzinis, 2016). Because HFpEF has become more prevalent in the population, the health care team must be aware of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapeutic management of the condition. These patients require special considerations when being treated and may respond differently to medications and treatments because of their condition (Gazewood & Turner, 2017). In addition, these patients pose unique challenges to the anesthesia provider during the induction of anesthesia and during the peri-operative and post-operative stages (Singh & Mehta, 2018). The awareness of HFpEF and its management allows the health care provider to deliver safe, optimal care to their patients.
Ryan, Abigalle, "Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction" (2019). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 362.