Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 7-28-2019

Document Type


Course Number


Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Professor’s Name

Dr. Chovan


Nephrolithiasa, urolithiasis, urology, kidney stones, calculi

Subject Categories

Family Practice Nursing | Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Nephrolithiasis, also known as kidney stones and calculi, pose a significant health and financial burden in the United States and worldwide. With the increasing incidence and prevalence of pediatric and adult nephrolithiasis, health care costs and morbidity are expected to rise (Batavia & Tasian, 2016). Once thought to be an isolated condition, nephrolithiasis is now considered to be a systemic disease and a marker for other systemic diseases like cardiovascular disease and hypertension. Furthermore, there is a correlation between nephrolithiasis and obesity, fractures, and chronic kidney disease (Ziemba & Matlaga, 2017). In the case of obstruction of an infected kidney, bilateral obstructions, or urinary stasis with infection, immediate intervention is necessary to prevent sepsis, which can be fatal (Cunningham, Noble, Al-Modhefer, & Walsh, 2016). For these reasons, it is important for health care providers to receive proper education on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and prevention of nephrolithiasis. Family Nurse Practitioners (FNP) treat a wide variety of health conditions in adults, adolescents, children, and pregnant patients. Therefore, it is imperative that FNPs are familiar with the management and prevention of nephrolithiasis, whether in the office, urgent care, or emergency department. FNPs as primary care providers also play a crucial role in health maintenance and disease prevention.



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