Dr. John Chovan / Dr. Sue Butz
Preeclapmsia, pregnancy, hypertension, complication
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that if left untreated could result in maternal and/or fetal death. Preeclampsia is a pregnancy specific disorder that can affect many different body systems. That pathophysiology of preeclampsia is not completely known, but alterations in placentation are thought to cause the disorder. Signs and symptoms of preeclampsia include: elevated blood pressure, blurred or double vision, epigastric pain, severe headache, proteinuria, thrombocytopenia, kidney failure, and liver failure. Preeclampsia with severe features can lead to the development of HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets), disseminated intravascular coagulation, and eclampsia. The only cure for severe preeclampsia is delivery of the baby, however in those at risk, daily low-dose aspirin starting after 12 weeks may help prevent development of the disease. In those identified as having preeclampsia with severe features, intravenous magnesium sulfate during labor and for 24 hours postpartum may help prevent eclampsia. Early identification and education regarding prevention and treatment of preeclampsia is key in providing mother and baby a safe environment for gestation and delivery.
McGuire, Melissa, "Preeclampsia" (2019). Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN). 343.