Dr. John Chovan, PhD., DNP, RN, CNP, CNS
Inguinal, Hernia, Diagnosis, Treatment, Nursing, Complications
Inguinal hernia (IH) is a weakening of the abdominal contents into the inguinal canal of the groin that causes a visible outward protrusion. Research was conducted on Inguinal Hernia with the focus on Pathophysiology. The aim of the research was to find the causes, prevention, and treatment of individuals affected by IH. Articles by Burcharth et al, Mayer et al, Mendoza, Vance, Wei et al, and The Mayo Clinic was chosen for research on IH. The articles written by the aforementioned authors was detailed and contained much needed insight into the categories proposed for researching the subject of IH. Inguinal Hernia’s causes are not entirely known. There are multiple factors that contribute to a weakening of the groin muscles. Stress, increased use of the abdominal muscles, inflammatory diseases, dietary deficiencies, atrophy, metabolic muscle disorders, aging, and free radicals exposure can increase the risk for IH. Complications of IH are noted as chronic pain, constipation, kidney failure, rhabdomyolysis, and arterial strangulation. A medical provider should order a computed tomography with contrast dye to make sure the area is not affecting the vascular system and to see the size and extent of the hernia. Surgical treatment is the primary treatment for someone with IH. The most helpful surgical option is to reduce the hernia with mesh.
Dean, Todd "Eddie", "Inguinal Hernia Pathophysiology" (2018). Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship. 306.