Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Date Written

7-2018

Document Type

Project

Course Number

5330-OL1

Course Name

Nursing

Professor’s Name

Dr. John Chovan, PhD., DNP, RN, CNP, CNS

Keywords

GBS, Group B, Infants, Pregnancy, Streptococcus

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing

Abstract

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the ‘leading infectious cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the United States” (Colicchia, Lauderdale, Du, Adams, & Hirsch, 2015, p. 173). GBS is a bacterium present in the vagina and/or anorectal flora of women and is considered to be normal flora which generally does not cause infection, however, if a pregnant woman is GBS positive and left untreated during birth, the newborn passing through the birth canal is at risk for becoming colonized (Bicheno & Geraghty, 2015, p. 224). Infants exposed to GBS may develop sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis within the first week after birth (early-onset disease) or after a week and up to three months of life (late on-set disease) (Kawa, 2017). Infected infants who survive may experience life-long impairments (CDC, 2018). Women who are pregnant should be tested for GBS and should be treated with antibiotics while in labor if the results for GBS are positive. The antibiotics help prevent the transmission of GBS infection from the mother to the infant thus decreasing the incidence of early and late onset GBS disease in infants.

N5330 18 DOYLE L ABSTRACT.pdf (65 kB)
Abstract & References

Included in

Nursing Commons

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