Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Date Written

Fall 2014

Document Type


Course Number

NURS 5330

Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology

Professor’s Name

John D. Chovan, James R. Cacchillo


Advanced Practice Nursing, Brain Injuries, Concussions

Subject Categories

Medical Pathology | Nursing | Sports Medicine


Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) are the leading cause of long-term disability and injury death in the United States of America (Dash, Oh, Santiago, & Wade, 2012, p. 108). It is estimated that approximately 75% of all TBI’s are sports related. Recently, sports related TBI’s have received increased awareness due to the $765 million settlement between 18,000 retired football players who suffer from long-term concussive injuries and the National Football Association (NFL) (Mason, 2013, p. 267). Education regarding the pathophysiology of TBI’s is beneficial to understanding what changes the brain is enduring and why it is important to protect the brain, especially in developing years. While professional and college athletes are at a significant risk for traumatic brain injuries, children of all ages are also at risk and should be closely monitored for signs and symptoms of TBI’s after receiving any significant blow to the head. These injuries can be detrimental to the individual and their families and it is imperative that Advanced Practice Nurses provide adequate education regarding prevention of sports related TBI’s and signs and symptoms to be aware of.



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