Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Academic Term

Summer 2018

Document Type


Course Number


Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology

Professor’s Name

Dr. John Chovan


Neonatal, Hyperbilirubinemia, Jaundice, Breastfeeding, Phototherapy

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Neonatal jaundice is one of the most common conditions in neonates, with 60-80% of infants experiencing some degree of increased serum bilirubin levels (Itoh, Okada, Kuboi, & Kusaka, 2017). Physiological jaundice is most commonly noted in the first week of life, with rising and peak levels occur between day of life three to five (Moncrieff, 2018) All infants experience a rise in serum bilirubin following birth due to their immature liver’s inability to clear the byproduct of red blood cell breakdown, bilirubin, from the blood (Gardner, Carter, Hines, & Hernandez, 2016). Hyperbilirubinemia can be caused by a variety of factors including, not limited to, infection, breast feeding, hemolytic disease of the newborn, maternal-fetal blood type incompatibility, drugs, gestational diabetes, birth trauma, prematurity, hypothyroidism, and galactosemia. The most commonly seen cause of hyperbilirubinemia in the outpatient settings is breastfeeding. (Gardner et al., 2016)

Included in

Nursing Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.