RAAS, SNS, Remodeling, Systolic and Diastolic Heart Failure, Right Heart Failure
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
As a nurse in the Emergency Department at Mount Carmel West, many patients come in exhibiting signs and symptoms of heart failure. Not every patient displays the same symptoms and not all patients are on the same treatment regimen. There are several different types of heart failure. These include left ventricular failure (systolic and diastolic heart failure) and right ventricular failure. It is beneficial for nurses taking care of these patients to be knowledgeable on the disease process and what symptoms patients can experience. Many compensatory mechanisms contribute to the development of heart failure. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and sympathetic nervous system contribute to myocyte hypertrophy and fibrosis. Constant inflammation and cell death stimulate inflammatory cytokines causing cardiac remodeling. The continuing damage and body’s response with the compensatory mechanisms listed above perpetuates the cycle of heart failure.
Morrow, Tori, "Pathophysiology of Heart Failure" (2017). Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship. 246.