Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Date Written

Summer 7-23-2017

Document Type


Course Number


Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology

Professor’s Name

Dr. John Chovan


Infantile Spasms, Epilepsy, West Syndrome, Hypsarrhythmia

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing


Infantile Spams is an epilepsy syndrome that usually appears in children between the ages of four and eight months. The spasms generally occur upon waking or right after feeding, and can occur in clusters of a hundred or more at a time (Go et al., 2012). Children with infantile spasms present with a classic, abnormal electroencephalogram. The pattern that determines if it is indeed infantile spasms is called hypsarrythmia, which is a disorganized pattern (Iype et al., 2016). Children with infantile spams will also regress in milestones and can have mental retardation. Many studies have been done to determine the best treatment options for infantile spams. The standard treatment consists of either high dose oral steroids, vigabatrin, or adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH). The quicker the initiation of treatment, the better the outcome for the child (Beatty, Wrede, & Blume, 2017). This project presents research that support the most effective treatment for infantile spams.

Included in

Nursing Commons



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