polycystic ovarian syndrome, female reporductive disorders, hyperandrogenism, PCOS pathophysiology
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 8-10 percent of reproductive-aged females. “…PCOS happens when a woman's ovaries or adrenal glands produce more male hormones than normal. PCOS causes cysts (fluid-filled sacs) to grow on the ovaries” (Medline Plus, 2017). It is one of the most common diseases of endocrine dysfunction in women, but diagnosis is sometimes missed or delayed because patients with PCOS are often treated for the signs and symptoms of the condition without consideration for the underlying syndrome. Patients often present with complaints of acne, hair loss, hirsutism, irregular vaginal bleeding, and infertility. Many patients receive treatments for these specific complaints before they are further evaluated for other potential etiologies of said complaints (Thornton et al., 2015).
Quinter, Laura, "Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" (2017). Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship. 223.