Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Date Written

Summer 7-25-2016

Document Type


Course Number


Course Name

Advanced Pathophysiology

Professor’s Name

Dr. Chovan


Urinary tract infection, UTI, UTI pathogenesis, E-coli UTI

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing



Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection that affects numerous men and women throughout their lives. UTI is an inflammation of the urinary epithelium often caused by bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract or vaginal colonization when uropathogens adhere to uroepithelial cells and travel up the urethra. UTI is the second most common infection in the use of antimicrobial treatment in primary and secondary care setting. The prominence of UTIs and the increased antimicrobial resistance in the population has created a need for further knowledge of UTI pathology and its prevention in primary care settings. Research on the identification of the mechanisms of virulence and which act prophylactically against uropathogens, specifically the initial attachment of the bacteria through adhesion, without altering the normal flora show promise in the prevention of UTI. Advance Practice nurses must consider the comorbidities, such as diabetes or chronic kidney disease, of patients with recurrent UTIs in concordance with the UTI pathology. The treatment of UTIs and recognition of the causes, symptoms, and presentation, and the education of patients enables the APN to provide the most competent care for patients.

Included in

Nursing Commons



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