Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)




Dr. John Chovan, Ph.D., DNP

First Committee Member

Dr. Amy Hotler, DNP, RN, LSN, PHNA-BC

Second Committee Member

Dr. Jacqueline Haverkamp, DNP, MBA


Voice, School Nurse, Self-efficacy, Interactional, Nursing, Education Module

Subject Categories

Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing | Pediatric Nursing | Public Health and Community Nursing


Creating voice in school nurses is essential to implement and promote health care in schools. Increasing self-efficacy, the knowledge, practice and internal belief of the nurse that he or she is an expert, creates voice and thus, the ability to assist students and families navigate various concerns and health issues. Therefore, the purpose of this project was to increase selfefficacy by providing school nurses with an interactive educational module that focused on social modeling and persuasion, responses to stress reaction experiences and attainment and application of evidence based practice, all skills of self-efficacy. The interactive educational model was presented to 99 school nurses attending a scheduled professional day event. The module included examples, data points, tips and video examples of articulating the role and practice of school nursing followed by a simulation of a one-minute presentation articulating the value of the role and practice of school nursing. This interactive activity provided social modeling and persuasion, practice in response to stress reaction and attainment and application of evidence based practice. Data was collected using a pre and post survey. An ANOVA was used for analysis. The results of the study (n=79) showed an increase in self-efficacy both in the large effect size and a p value of 0.00 The participants’ increase in self-efficacy in the articulation of the role and practice of school nursing created the opportunity for each school nurse to create his or her own voice in order to provide health care for children in schools.



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