Date of Award
Business, Accounting, & Economics
Michael A. Levin, PhD
First Committee Member
Michael A. Levin, PhD
Second Committee Member
Kate Lehman, PhD
Motivations, Identity salience, Withdrawal, Financial orientation, Prediction, University, Higher Education
Applied Behavior Analysis | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Nonprofit Administration and Management | Organizational Behavior and Theory | Strategic Management Policy
Broadly, this research examines a student’s likelihood to withdraw from a university based on the relationship between motivations, financial orientation, and identity salience. Specifically, this study empirically examines the relationship between extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, and apathetic motivation, perceived opportunity loss and lifestyle activities related to financial orientation, and satisfaction and reciprocity related to identity salience, as predictors of a student’s likelihood of withdrawing from a university.
A questionnaire was designed by extending scale items related to the constructs of interest. First-year students at a private university located in the upper Midwest were sampled. A hypothesized model was tested using partial least squares regression. Consistent with theory, four of the eight hypothesized paths are statistically significant.
Four research questions were analyzed using multigroup analysis. Differences in relationships are shown for gender, major, college GPA and ACT score.
Conclusions provide more insight on understanding what drives undergraduate students’ likelihood to withdraw. Higher education administrators could create different programs, services, or strategies that accommodate to the needs of students’ at various levels of motivation, financial orientation, and identity salience. Limitations of this research include measuring a student’s likelihood to withdraw rather than a student actually withdrawing. Additionally, an R2 value of 50% which means the model is missing variables. With this said, directions for future research should involve tracking who changes in motivations, financials, and identity salience as well as analyzing who actually withdrew versus the likelihood that they would withdraw.
Quinn, Matthew I., "A Verification and Extension of Students' Motivations, Financial Orientation, and Identity Salience as Predictors of Likelihood to Withdraw from a University" (2015). Undergraduate Distinction Papers. 10.