Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 2011

Publication Title

The Middle Ground Journal


Propaganda, Enlightenment, Frankfurt School, Cultural Studies, Media, Interwar Germany


This short piece provides a way of thinking about the Enlightenment’s legacy and the strength of modern propaganda in order to enable world history teachers to use these themes in their classes, both for teaching history and for helping students to reflect on their own lives. The authors provide background on the ideas of 1930s critical theorists and their impact on the interwar period, then suggest practical ways that world history instructors (in high schools and universities) can use these insights in developing lectures, lesson plans, and assignments for their classrooms.



Original Citation

Martinez-Saenz, Miguel and Tammy Proctor. "Propaganda and the 21st Century Student." Middle Ground Journal 3 (2011): n. pag. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.


Publisher's Version

Publisher's Statement

The Middle Ground Journal: World History and Global Studies (ISSN: 2155-1103), is an open-access, refereed and nonprofit journal housed at The College of St. Scholastica and published by the Midwest World History Association, an affiliate of the World History Association.

Peer Reviewed




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