HIV, AIDS, HIV/AIDS, Treatment of HIV/AIDS, Pathophysiology HIV/AIDS
Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a disease in which the virus attacks and depletes the CD4+ T cells leading to a weakened immune system in which a pMersin can no longer fight pathogens. This weakening of the person's immune system makes them more susceptible to opportunistic infections and malignancies (Coffin & Swanstrom, 2017). In the initial acute HIV infection period the person usually does not show symptoms but is highly infectious which can allow for transmission unknowingly (Center for Disease Control and PrevenBon, 2017). HIV can eventually progress to AIDS without treatment. Admission to the hospital can expose this person to many opportunistic pathogens and complicate treatment plan.
In Columbus, Ohio, at Grant Medical Center there is a need for better understanding of HIV and the impact it can potentially have on patients who are acutely ill in the critical care setting which is why this topic was chosen.
Muir, Rachel, "HIV/AIDS" (2017). Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship. 256.