Various substituted dirhodium tetraformamidinate complexes, Rh(2)(R-form)(4) (R = p-CF(3), p-Cl, p-OCH(3), m-OCH(3); form = N,N'-diphenylformamidinate), and the new complex Rh(2)(tpgu)(4) (tpgu = 1,2,3-triphenylguanidinate) have been investigated as potential agents for the photoremediation of saturated halogenated aliphatic compounds, RX (R = alkyl group). The synthesis and characterization of the complexes is reported, and the crystal structure of Rh(2)(tpgu)(4) is presented. The lowest energy transition of the complexes is observed at approximately 870 nm and the complexes react with alkyl chlorides and alkyl bromides under low energy irradiation (lambda(irr) > or = 795 nm), but not when kept in the dark. The metal-containing product of the photochemical reaction with RX (X = Cl, Br) is the corresponding mixed-valent Rh(2)(II,III)X (X = Cl, Br) complex, and the crystal structure of Rh(2)(p-OCH(3)-form)(4)Cl generated photochemically from the reaction of the corresponding Rh(2)(II,II) complex in CHCl(3) is presented. In addition, the product resulting from the dimerization of the alkyl fragment, R(2), is also formed during the reaction of each dirhodium complex with RX. A comparison of the dependence of the relative reaction rates on the reduction potentials of the alkyl halides and their C-X bond dissociation energies are consistent with an outer-sphere mechanism. In addition, the relative reaction rates of the metal complexes with CCl(4) decrease with the oxidation potential of the dirhodium compounds. The mechanism of the observed reactivity is discussed and compared to related systems.
Johnston, Dean, "Photoinduced One-Electron Reduction of Alkyl Halides by Dirhodium(II,II) Tetraformamidinates and a Related Complex with Visible Light" (2005). Chemistry Faculty Scholarship. Paper 13.
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